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Know Your City - Ahmedabad

Ahmedabad founded by Sultan Ahmed Shah in the 15th century on the bank of Sabarmati, is the seventh largest city in India and a vibrant business district.

After King Karandev established the city called "Karnavati", Gujarat fell to the Muslim Sultanate in the early 15th century. It comprised of a smaller Fort known as Bhadra Fort. The city of Ahmedabad freely expanded on both the sides of the Sabarmati River. The city was well laid out with beautiful buildings, lakes and mosques.

In 1818 when the British took over Ahmedabad developed and Municipality Committee was founded. Railway link was also established during this period. In 1915 Mahatma Gandhi established Sabarmati Ashram in Ahmedabad.

Cultural Heritage
Ahmedabad is the cultural and commercial heart of Gujarat, and much of western India. Majority of the population in Ahmedabad is Hindu while Jains, Muslims and Christians co-exist in a fair number. The city is also home to a major population of Parsis and a small community of 300 Bene Israel Jews. Ahmedabad conjures up an image of a city of diverse cultures and festivals with impressive zeal that transcends demographic and religious boundaries.

There is a large population of Vanias (or traders). The majority of residents of Ahmedabad is native Gujaratis and speaks Gujarati. Punjabis, Marathis, Tamils, Sindhis, Malayalis and Marwaris also make up the population mix and have brought their native language and culture to the city.

Ahmedabad is known for folk art. Paldi area is a haven for embroidery lovers and so is Law Garden for its mirror work handicraft and traditional clothes called 'Chania Cholis'. Historically being home to the first textile industry Ahmedabad acquired the nickname, "the Manchester of the East." It has been politically active, starting from campaigns of civil disobedience to promote workers' rights, civil rights to political independence.

General information
Area 205 km²
Latitude 72.58° E
Longitude 23.03° N
Altitude 53 meters
International Time GMT+5.5
Temperature Average summer maximum: 30°C - 45°C
Average winter maximum: 5 °C - 24°C
Total Population 5.06 crore (2001 census)
Population Density 258 persons per sq km ( 2001 census)
Languages spoken
Gujarati, Hindi, English and dialects of Kathiawar and Saurashtra

Places of Interest
Akshardham temple: Located 28 kms from Ahmedabad, this temple is a marvel of traditional sandstone carving. State-of-the-art technologies like fibre-optics sound and light shows, multi-media, audio-visual shows only add to its attraction.

Jama Masjid: The Jama-Masjid of Ahmedabad is one of the biggest and oldest mosque for Friday Prayers. It has a spacious courtyard in marble. The walls and the niches of the mosque have Hindu architecture.

Rani Rupmati's Mosque: Situated north of the city centre and named after the Hindu wife of Sultan Mahmud Begado. The wonderful synthesis of Hindu and Muslim styles is mesmerizing.

Sidi Bashirs mosque: is the mosque with shaking minarets.

Sidi Saiyad's Mosque: is worth visiting for the sheer magic of stone turned into filigree. Its twin windows of pierced stone are worked in style of a tree with palm leaves and curving tendrils.

Calico Museum: The Calico Museum of Textiles, is one of the finest textile museums in the world is can boast of a brilliant collection of the finest fabrics spun, woven, printed and painted in different parts of India during past five centuries. Some old weaving machines are also on display.

Institute of Indology: Located near the Gujarat University campus, the museum has an important collection of illustrated manuscripts and miniatures and one of the finest collections relating to Jainism in India.

Hussain-Doshi's Gufa: This is a gallery out of the collaborative efforts of artist M.F. Hussain and architect B.V. Doshi. Here art and architecture fuses together and complements each other .

NC Mehta Museum of Miniatures: One can get an idea of the various schools of Indian miniature painting here. The building was designed by Le Corbusier.

Shreyas Folk Museum: Located 2.5km west of Sabarmati in the suburb of Ambavadi, the museum showcases the folk arts and crafts of Gujarat.

Utensils Museum, Ahmedabad: A curious collection of cooking utensils is displayed in this museum.

Nal Sarovar Bird Sanctuary: Nal Sarovar (116Km) is a natural lake, about 64 Km away from Ahmedabad. The sanctuary attracts people from all over the world as different varieties of migratory birds of various breeds, flock and rest in winter months.

Educational institutions in Ahmedabad
Prominent schools: Most schools in Ahmedabad are associated with Gujarat Secondary and Higher Secondary Education Board. Some schools, like the Delhi Public School and the Kendriya Vidyalayas are affiliated with the Central Board for Secondary Education (CBSE).

Other prominent schools are St Xavier's Loyola at Memnagar, Saraswati High school, St Xavier's School in Mirzapur, Mt Carmel School, Diwan Ballubhai School in Paldi.

Institutes for Higher education: National institutes:

Indian Institute of Management, IIM Ahmedabad
National Institute of Design (NID), Ahmedabad
National Institute of Fashion Technology
Entrepreneurship Development Institute (EDI)
Center for Environmental Planning and Technology (CEPT)


Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Open University, Ahmedabad
Gujarat University, Ahmedabad
Vidyapith, Ahmedabad
Nirma University of Science & Technology, Ahmedabad

Engineering and Technical colleges:

Dhirubhai Ambani Institute of Information and Communication Technology (DA-IICT)
Nirma Institute of Technology, Ahmedabad

Medical institutes and colleges:

B. J. Medical College, Ahmedabad
Smt. NH Municipal Medical College, Ahmedabad

Besides institutes for higher education in the fields of arts, design, management, agriculture, engineering and technology, the city holds some of the India's big research centres like Physical Research Laboratory and the Space Applications Centre of the Indian Space Research Organization. Institute for Plasma Research is approximately midway between the cities of Ahmedabad and Gandhinagar.

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